Acta Biologica Sibirica 7: 293-306, doi: 10.3897/abs.7.e68903
Phenology and diurnal behavior of common shelduck Tadorna tadorna at Sebkhet Bazer (El-Eulma, Nouth-East of Hauts Plateaux, Algeria)
expand article infoLeila Bouaguel§, Nabil Charchar|, Moussa Houhamdi
‡ Faculté SNV-STU, Guelma, Algeria§ University of Souk-Ahras, Souk Ahras, Algeria| Biotechnology Research Center, Constantine, Algeria
Open Access
Abstract

This work aims to study phenology and daytime budget of common shelduck Tadorna tadorna (Anatidae) for two wintering seasons (2017/2018, 2018/2019) at Sebkhet Bazer (El-Eulma) North-East of Algeria from September to March. The obtained results show that common shelduck has the status of a wintering species. It was observed presently in the site during the study period. Common shelduck numbers begin to increase from the first decade of September to reach the maximums between late December and early January, where we had recorded the peaks of abundance 840 for the first season and 930 for the second. During our monitoring, budget time results showed that feeding is the dominant activity (surface water feeding, feeding on banks, and feeding by tipping), which take a ratio of more than 68%, the second activity is swimming with 18.71%, followed by preening which holds 9.14%, sleeping activity with a ratio of 2.38%, flight take the five range with a ratio of 0.82%. Finally, courtship and agonistic behavior recorded the lowest ratio on all budget time – 0.42% and 0.38% respectively. We can conclude that Sebkhet Bazer is a diurnal grazing ground for this Anatidae species.

Keywords
Common shelduck, Tadorna tadorna, phenology, daytime budget, Sebkhet Bazer